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Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the ovaries. The female reproductive system contains two ovaries, one on each side of the uterus and they are estrogen and progesterone.

Ovarian cancer most of the time goes undetected until it has spread within the pelvis and abdomen. At this late stage, ovarian cancer is more difficult to treat. Early stage ovarian cancer, can be treated successfully. Surgery and chemotherapy are generally used to treat ovarian cancer.

Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer

Early-stage ovarian cancer rarely causes any symptoms. Advanced-stage ovarian cancer may cause few.

Signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer may include:

  • Abdominal bloating or swelling
  • Quickly feeling full when eating
  • Weight loss
  • Discomfort in the pelvis area
  • Changes in bowel habits, such as constipation
  • A frequent need to urinates.

Types of ovarian cancer

Epithelial tumors:

Epithelial tumors begin in the thin layer of tissue that covers the outside of the ovaries. About 90 percent of ovarian cancers are epithelial tumors.

Stromal tumors:

Stromal tumors begin in the ovarian tissue that contains hormone-producing cells. These tumors are usually diagnosed at an earlier stage than other ovarian tumors. About 7 percent of ovarian tumors are stromal.

Germ cell tumors:

Germ cell tumors begin in the egg-producing cells. These rare ovarian cancers tend to occur in younger women.

Risk factors

Factors that can increase your risk of ovarian cancer include:

Older age:

Ovarian cancer can occur at any age but is most common in women ages 50 to 60 years.

Inherited gene mutations:

A small percentage of ovarian cancers are caused by gene mutations you inherit from your parents. The genes known to increase the risk of ovarian cancer are called breast cancer gene 1 (BRCA1) and breast cancer gene 2 (BRCA2). These genes also increase the risk of breast cancer.

Other gene mutations, including those associated with Lynch syndrome, are known to increase the risk of ovarian cancer.

Family history of ovarian cancer:

People with two or more close relatives with ovarian cancer have an increased risk of the disease.

Estrogen hormone replacement therapy:

especially with long-term use and in large doses.

Age when menstruation started and ended:

Beginning menstruation at an early age or starting menopause at a later age, or both, may increase the risk of ovarian cancer.

Prevention

Natural Prevention:

Studies show that diet and lifestyle changes may help to reduce the risk factors of getting ovarian cancer. Foods that contain fiber, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory properties, omega-3 fatty acid, essential minerals, anti-cancerous elements can prevent ovarian cancer.

We should eat plenty amount of green vegetables, sea fish, fresh fruits, healthy herbs and seeds to be fit and healthy.

Regular consumption of few foods like Ashwagandha, ginger, green tea, chia seeds, Basil Seeds, Cauliflower, Black Plum etc. may help to reduce the risk of ovarian cancer.

Lifestyle and other important factors that plays important role in Ovarian cancer prevention:

  • Women should clean their vagina regularly.
  • Maintaining hygiene is an important factor.
  • Regular physical exercise is also important.
  • Regular screening or examination for diagnosis.

There are a few foods we should consume regularly besides our regular meals to prevent Ovarian Cancer:

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