Home Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in males. Nearly 100% of local or regional men prostate cancer will survive more than five years after identification.

Nearly 100% of local or regional men prostate cancer will survive more than five years after identification. Gleason score to the disease based upon its microscopic appearance. Prostate Cancer with a higher Gleason score is more hostile.

Grades of Prostate cancer

Status 1: The cancerous prostate strongly resembles normal prostate tissues. The glands are small, well-formed and personally packed.

Status 2: The tissue still has well-formed glands, but they are larger and have more tissue between them.

Status 3: The tissue still has familiar glands, but the cells are darker. At high enlargement, some of the cells have left the glands and are beginning to invade nearby tissue.

Status 4: The tissue has few familiar glands. Many cells are invading the close tissue.

Status 5: The tissue does not have recognizable glands. There are often just sheets of cells during the close tissue.

Here are the Stages of Prostate Cancer:

The stages of the blood cancer are divided on the basis of metastasis. There are different rules to define different stages, according to the symptoms and level of metastasis.

Stage 1: In First Stage, Prostate cancer is confined to the prostate.It is generally likely to be slow growing. Cancerous cells, but the tumor is small and only affects one spot. A tumor will not reveal on a digital rectal exam (DRE) or ultrasound.

Stage 2: In 2nd Stage, cancer may be detected during a digital rectal test. The disease is still confined to the prostate, but the cells may be abnormal and may grow faster. Medical tests may not discover a tumor, though as this stage advances. The PSA score is between 10–20. An early stage 2 tumor is grade 1, rising to 3 in the later phases of stage 2. The Gleason score is 6, rising to 7 or 8.

Stage 3: At 3rd stage of prostate cancer, the cancer is in tissues close to the prostate. It also may have reached the seminal vesicles.PSA can be any value but may be 20 or more. The grade group is 1–4 at first, and as high as 9–10 at the end of stage 3.

Stage 4: Stage 4th prostate cancer means that cancer has invaded other parts of the body, such as the rectum, nearby lymph nodes or bone. It may have spread to distant organs, such as the bones and liver. The status/grade group, Gleason score, and PSA levels can be any number.

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer:

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer may not show up in the beginning periods of prostate disease, yet a tumor can begin to affect how an individual feels as it develops.

  •     Pain or burning during urination, which is much less common
  •     Frequent urination
  •     Weak or interrupted urine flow or the need to strain to empty the bladder
  •     The urge to urinate frequently at night
  •     Discomfort or pain when sitting, caused by an enlarged prostate
  •     Blood in the urine
  •     Blood in the seminal fluid
  •     Fatigue
  •     New onset of erectile dysfunction
  •     Pain in the back, hips, thighs, shoulders, or other bones
  •     Swelling or fluid buildup in the legs or feet
  •     Change in bowel habits
  •     Unexplained weight loss

Causes of Prostate Cancer:

Like other types of cancer, the accurate cause of prostate cancer isn’t easy to determine. At last, mutations in your DNA, or genetic material, lead to the growth of cancerous cells. In many cases, multiple factors may be involved, including genetics and exposure to environmental toxins, like certain chemicals or radiation.

Abnormal or cancerous cells continue to produce and divide until a tumor develops. If you have an aggressive type of prostate cancer, the cells may metastasize, or leave the original tumor site and spread to other parts of your body.

There are many reason of Prostate Cancer:

    • Smoking

      This is the only confirmed lifestyle related risk factor for prostate cancer. Smoking is commonly known for causing lung cancer or mouth cancer, however, it also affect the cells that indirectly come in contact with smoke, like blood cells.

    • Exposure to chemicals, such as the herbicide Agent Orange

      Exposure to chemicals like benzene. Benzene is used in the rubber industry, oil refineries, chemical plants, shoe manufacturing, and gasoline-related industries.

    • Inflammation of the prostate

Prostatitis often causes painful or complicated urination. It can generally be treated with antibiotics if prostatitis is caused by a bacterial infection.

    • Sexually Transmitted Infections

Infection and subsequent irritation may be an important risk factor in the pathogenesis of prostate cancer. though prostate cancer is a leading cause of cancer morbidity and mortality in men, few risk factors for prostate cancer have been established.

  • Vasectomy Doesn’t appear to increase your risk

    The vasectomy’s request remains limited because the procedure is often permanent and offers no protection against sexually transmitted prostate cancer.

Risk factors for Prostrate Cancer:

Its does not know exactly why prostate cancer occurs, but the following risk factors may make it more possible:

Family history: If a male has a close relative with a history of prostate cancer, they have a higher chance of developing it themselves.

Age: The risk increases after the age of 50, but it is rare before the age of 45.

Genetic factors: Inherited features, including changes to the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, may increase the risk. Mutations in these genes increase the chance of breast cancer in females, too. Men born with Lynch syndrome also have a higher risk of prostate and other cancers.

Race or ethnicity: It is more common in black males than white, ales. Asian and Hispanic males have a lower risk than black males or white males.

Prevention of Prostate Cancer:


No guaranteed way to prevent prostate cancer but can control with healthy life style and healthy foods. However, some preventive measures include:

Natural prevention:

There are few evidences that choosing a healthy diet that is low in fat and full of fruits and vegetables may contribute to a lower risk of prostate cancer. Also, maintaining a healthful weight, exercising, and eating plenty of fruits and vegetables can reduce the risk of prostate cancer.

Foods that contain fiber, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory properties and omega-3 fatty acid can reduce the risk of Prostate Cancer. There are many foods at our near stores that may contain anti cancerous properties and help reducing the risk of prostate cancer.

Such as: various types of green vegetables and herbs like chives, red beetroot, Mushroom, Pumpkin, Cauliflower, Bitter Gourd, Spinach, Broccoli, Cabbage, Capsicum/Bell pepper etc. help in the prevention of prostate cancer.

Few healthy seeds and nuts have the anti-cancerous property that help in reducing the risk of prostate cancer. Such as: walnuts, peanuts, flax seeds, soybeans, Basil Seeds, chia seeds, etc.

Few special kind of herbs and masala like ginger, green tea, raw turmeric, Ashwagandha has many positive impacts in prostate cancer prevention.

Fruits like Pomelo fruit, Papaya, Guava, Ambarella fruit, avocado has also positive impact in prostate cancer prevention.


Physical Exercise:

Studies have shown that exercise and prostate cancer risk have mostly shown that men who exercise may have a reduced risk of prostate cancer. Regular exercise can help you  to maintain a healthy weight. Benefits of exercise include increased muscle mass and better metabolism. Try:

  • walking
  • running
  • bicycling
  • swimming

What to avoid?

Some compounds in foods may boost a person’s risk of developing prostate cancer.

Consider avoiding the following:

Quit smoking:

Prostate cancer patients who smoke are more likely to have a recurrence of the disease. Smokers also have a higher risk of dying from prostate cancer.

Grilled or fried meats

When a person cooks muscle meat, including beef, pork, and poultry, at high temperatures, the meat may form chemicals.

Sugar and carbohydrates

Some studies have suggested that a diet with a high glycemic load may increase the risk of developing prostate cancer.

Relationship between sugar and cancer remains complex, sugar may have the highest impact on the risk of prostate, colorectal and pancreatic cancers.


There are a few foods we should consume regularly beside our meals to prevent Prostate Cancer:

চিয়া বীজ

চিয়া বীজ : চিয়া বীজ ফাইবার ও ওমেগা-৩ ফ্যাট এবং অন্যান্য পুষ্টি উপাদানের ভাল উৎস। কেননা এই চিয়া বীজ উচ্চমাত্রায় ফাইবার, এন্টিঅক্সিডেন্ট ও অন্যান্য পরিশোষক পুষ্টি উপাদানে ভরপুর যা আমাদের দৈনন্দিন খাদ্যকে অত্যন্ত পুষ্টিময় করে তোলে। আমলা তে খুব কম পরিমাণ ক্যালরি এবং অনেক বেশি মাত্রায় ফাইবার আছে যা আমাদের স্থূলতা-মেদবৃদ্ধি,হৃদরোগ,ডায়াবেটিস ও কয়েক ধরণের ক্যান্সার […]

পেয়াজ/রসুনের পাতা,কলি

Chives are part of the allium family of vegetables and herbs. This family also includes garlic, scallions, onions, etc. In the Asian subcontinent, we commonly eat the onion or garlic chives. Commonly, Chives come in two types – onion chives (the most common chives) and Chinese chives (called garlic chives). While onion chives have hollow […]

লাল শালগম

Beetroots are a popular root vegetable used in many cuisines around the world. Beets are loaded with vitamins and minerals and low in calories and fat. They also contain inorganic nitrates and pigments, both of which have a number of health benefits. Apart from being used as food, beetroot is also used as a medicinal […]


Mushrooms are a superfood, and one of the most health-promoting foods on the planet. Mushrooms are an edible fungus that can provide several important nutrients. The many kinds of mushrooms have varying compositions and nutritional profiles. Mushrooms are packed with nutritional value. They are low in calories, are great sources of fiber and protein. They […]

তিসি বীজ

Flaxseeds (তিসি বীজ) are  super healthy and a great source of fiber and omega-3 fats, particularly Alpha- Lipoic Acid (ALA). However, the omega-3 fats are contained within the fibrous outer shell of the seed, which humans can’t digest easily. If you want to increase your omega-3 levels, it’s best to eat flaxseeds that have been […]


Pomelo called “pummelo” is the largest member of the citrus family. This large, pale, green or yellow fruit has a pink, white or red inside that tastes like a slightly sweeter alternative to grapefruit. Pomelo is a citrus fruit that has a number of health benefits for people. For those people willing to do a […]


Pumpkin is a type of squash that belongs to the Cucurbitaceae family. It is mainly a winter vegetable but can be grown throughout the year. It is rich in fiber, tastes slightly sweet and has a juicy texture with a great taste. Pumpkin is bright orange inside and its seeds are equally healthy like the […]


পেঁপে এমন একটি ফল যা সবুজ থাকলে সবজী হিসেবে খেতে পারি এবং এটি যখন  নরম ও ভিতরে কমলা রং ধারণ করে তখন খেতে দারুণ সুস্বাদু ও রসালো  লাগে। এটি অত্যন্ত মিষ্টি স্বাদের নরম যা মাখনের সাথে তুলনা করা হয়। পেঁপে কে "ফেরেস্তাদের ফল" বললেও অবাক হবার কিছু নাই। এটি অসংখ্য স্বাস্থ্য গুণ সম্পন্ন একটি ফল। [...]

তোকমা দানা

Basil seeds are extracted from the seeds of Ocium sanctum (Basil) plant which is black in color. The health benefits of basil seeds are numerous. They look similar to sesame seeds but are black. The type that you eat typically comes from sweet basil plants; which is the plant commonly used to season foods. It […]


Ashwagandha (অশ্বগন্ধা) is a plant. The root and berry are used to make medicine. Ashwagandha is used for arthritis, anxiety, bipolar disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), trouble sleeping (insomnia), tumors, tuberculosis, asthma, bronchitis, menstrual problems, hiccups, and chronic liver disease. It is also used to reduce the side effects of medications […]


Ginger is among the healthiest and one of the most delicious spices on the planet. It is actually a special type of root that grows under the soil. We use ginger in many dishes every day. It is over loaded with nutrients and bio active compounds that have powerful benefits for your body and brain. […]


Cauliflower is a cruciferous vegetable that is naturally high in fiber and B-vitamins. Cauliflower is an extremely healthy vegetable that’s a significant source of nutrients. It also contains unique plant compounds that may reduce the risk of several diseases, including heart disease and cancer. Cauliflower is a cruciferous vegetable that looks like a white version […]

তিতা করলা

Bitter gourd is a vegetable that is relished for its benefits and hated for its bitter taste. It is an excellent source of vitamins B1, B2, and B3, C, magnesium, folate, zinc, phosphorus, manganese, and has high dietary fiber. It is rich in iron and contains twice the beta-carotene of broccoli, twice the calcium of […]

গ্রীন টী

Green tea is a popular beverage consumed worldwide. In recent years, it has also gained popularity as a health drink. Green tea is made from non-oxidized leaves and is one of the less processed types of tea. It therefore contains the most antioxidants and beneficial polyphenols. Green tea contains a number of bio active compounds […]

পালং শাক

Spinach is a superfood. It is loaded with tons of nutrients in a low-calorie package. Spinach is a leafy green vegetable that originated in Persia. The dark green color of spinach leaves specifies they contain high levels of chlorophyll and health-promoting carotenoids (beta carotene, lutein, and zeaxanthin). These phytochemicals have anti-inflammatory and anti-cancerous properties and […]


When it comes to great-tasting nutrition, broccoli is an all-star food with many health benefits. While low in calories, broccoli is rich in essential vitamins and minerals, in addition to fiber. Broccoli belongs to the cruciferous vegetable family, which includes kale, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, bok-choy, cabbage, collard greens, rutabaga, and turnips. If you are trying […]

কাঁচা হলুদ

Turmeric is the spice that gives curry its yellow color. But this masala or spice does contain mixtures with medicinal properties. Turmeric contains curcumin, an element with powerful anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. 1 tablespoon (tbsp.) of turmeric powder contains: 29 calories 0.91 grams (g) of protein 0.31 g of fat 6.31 g of carbohydrates 2.1 g of […]


Walnuts have been a beloved food for thousands of years. They grow in a bronzed shell about the size of a golf ball with a seam around the center. Torn apart the shell at the seam, and inside you will find the bumpy, golden brown nut. Walnut skin sometimes has a slightly bitter flavor, but […]


Guavas are tropical trees originating in Central America. Guava is a traditional remedy for a range of health conditions. Researches have shown that guava fruits and leaves may have a number of benefits in human health. Guava fruits are amazingly rich in antioxidants, vitamin C, potassium, and fiber. This remarkable nutrient content gives them many […]


Ambarella Fruit tree a tropical tree with an edible fruit. It contains a fibrous pit. With a crunchy flesh, the fruit may be eaten raw, but a little sour. In certain places unripe fruit of Ambarella is eaten with salt, sugar, chili, mastered oil etc.  1 Ambarella Fruit Contains: Water 60-85 grams Protein 5 to […]

অ্যাভোকাডো ফল

Avocados are a tasty fruit with a creamy texture and it grows in warm climates.It has a big stone like seed inside it. Health benefits of Avocado include improving digestion, decreasing the risk of depression, and protection against cancer. The avocado is a  unique fruit that can be use as salad,vegetable ad fruit. While most […]


The carrot is a vegetable with a bright orange color and it is grown under the ground. Carrots are basically root vegetables which consist of numerous health benefits. It is sweet ,crunchy, tasty, and highly nutritious. Carrots are often thought of as the ultimate health food. Carrots contain beta carotene, fiber, vitamin K1, potassium, and […]

কুমড়া বীজ

Pumpkin seeds are extremely good for heart health. Pumpkin seeds are one of the most commonly consumed types of seeds and are very good sources of phosphorus, monounsaturated fats, and omega-6 fats, anti-oxidants, anti-cancerous elements.  “1 ounce (28 gm.) of pumpkin seeds contains:“ Calories: 151 Fiber: 1.7 grams Protein: 7 grams Monounsaturated fat: 4 grams Omega-6 fats: 6 grams Manganese: 42% […]


Cabbage, which is often taken into the same category as lettuce because of their similar appearance, is actually a part of the cruciferous vegetable family. Cabbage is a leafy green, red, or white vegetable that is grown annually. The cabbage may help protect against radiation, prevent cancer, and reduce heart disease risk. There are more […]

ক্যাপসিকাম মরিচ

ক্যাপসিকাম বা সিমলা মরিচ nightshade family এর অন্তর্ভূক্ত এক প্রকার সবজী জাতীয় ফল। এই সবজী টি অত্যন্ত কম ক্যালরি থাকার পাশাপাশি অত্যাধিক ভিটামিন সি ও অন্যান্য এন্টি-অক্সিডেন্ট সমৃদ্ধ হওয়ায় স্বাস্থ্যকর খাদ্য তালিকায় এটি আলাদা মাত্রা যোগ করেছে। ক্যাপসিকাম বিভিন্ন রঙের হয়ে থাকে যেমনঃ লাল,হলুদ,কমলা এবং সবুজ রং। ক্যাপসিকাম রান্নার পাশাপাশি সালাদ হিসিবেও খাওয়া যায়। ৩.৫ […]

Prostate Cancer