Home Cardiovascular diseases

Cardiovascular diseases

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a general term for conditions affecting the heart or blood vessels.

There are many different types of CVD. Four of the main types are described below:

Heart Block:

When electrical signals from the upper chambers of the heart (atria) cannot travel to the lower chambers (ventricles), heart block happens. The lower chambers of the heart (ventricles) then beat too slowly, decreasing the amount of oxygen that gets to the body and brain. This causes a slow pulse and can result in a lack of energy, light headedness or Fainting.

Heart failure:

Heart failure, sometimes called congestive heart failure, means the heart isn’t pumping blood as well as it should. Heart failure does not mean that the heart stops beating — that’s a common misconception. Instead, the heart keeps working, but the body’s need for blood and oxygen isn’t being met.

Strokes and TIAs:

A stroke is where the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off, which can cause brain damage and possibly death.

A transient ischemic attack (also called a TIA or “mini-stroke”) is similar, but the blood flow to the brain is only temporarily disrupted.

The main symptoms of a stroke or TIA can be remembered with the word FAST, which stands for:

Face: the face may have drooped on one side, the person may be unable to smile, or their mouth or eye may have dropped.

Arms: the person may not be able to lift both arms and keep them there because of arm weakness or numbness in one arm.

Speech: Their speech may be slurred or garbled, or they may not be able to talk at all.

Heart Attack:

When arteries become so clogged that the flow of blood to the heart is reduced or stopped, the lack of oxygen can damage or kill the heart muscle, causing a heart attack. Knowing the symptoms of a heart attack and getting immediate emergency treatment can limit or prevent heart muscle damage.

Heart valve problems:

When heart valves don’t open enough to allow the blood to flow through as it should, a condition called stenosis results. When the heart valves don’t close properly and thus allow blood to leak through, it’s called regurgitation. If the valve leaflets bulge or prolapse back into the upper chamber, it’s a condition called prolapse. Discover more about the roles your heart valves play in healthy circulation.

Risk Factors:

The most important risk factors of heart disease and stroke are unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, tobacco use and harmful use of alcohol. The effects of risk factors may show up in individuals as raised blood pressure, raised blood glucose, raised blood lipids, and overweight and obesity. These “intermediate risks factors” can be measured in primary care facilities and indicate an increased risk of developing a heart attack, stroke, heart failure and other complications.


  • Smoking
  • High cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • Unhealthy lifestyle and unhealthy diet
  • Stress
  • Alcohol

General Symptoms of Cardiovascular disease:

  • pain or discomfort in the center of the chest.
  • pain or discomfort in the arms, the left shoulder, elbows, jaw, or back.
  • numbness of the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body;
  • confusion, difficulty speaking or understanding speech;
  • difficulty seeing with one or both eyes;
  • difficulty walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination;
  • severe headache with no known cause; and
  • fainting or unconsciousness.


Prevention of cardiovascular diseases mainly depends on food and lifestyle. We can control heart related diseases by maintaining a disciplined life style. We must add hearty foods in our everyday diet chart.

  • Eat a healthy diet. Try to limit saturated fats, foods high in sodium, and added sugars. Eat plenty of fresh fruit, vegetables, healthy seeds and whole grains. Whole grains food, such as oatmeal, whole wheat bread, brown rice and rich in fiber foods are good for heart health. Colorful fruits and green vegetables like Cauliflower, bitter root which are rich in antioxidants that can help your body to fight against heart disease.
  • Regular Consumption of few foods like Fig Fruit, Chia Seed, Gooseberries/Amalaki, Chives, Black Plum, Red beetroot, Olive, Mushroom, Flax Seed, Pomelo, Pumpkin, Papaya, Almonds, Basil Seeds, Sunflower Seed, Hemp Seed, Sunflower Seed, Sesame seeds, Ginger, Pistachios, Malabar Spinach, Bitter gourd, Green tea, Spinach, Sweet potatoes, Broccoli, Walnuts, Triphala, basil leaf , Banana, Carrots, Bitter Stick (চিরতা), Moringa leaf , Cabbage ,capsicum, etc. can reduce the 70 % risk of cardiovascular diseases .
  • Try to control your blood pressure. High blood pressure is a major risk factor for heart disease. Also, keep your cholesterol and triglyceride levels under control. High levels of cholesterol can clog your arteries and raise your risk of coronary artery disease and heart attack.
  • Stay at a healthy weight. Being overweight or having obesity can increase your risk for heart disease. This is mostly because they are linked to other heart disease risk factors, including high blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels, high blood pressure, and diabetes. Controlling your weight can lower these risks. Try to do exercise at least 30 minutes every day.
  • Don’t smoke. Cigarette smoking raises your blood pressure and puts you at higher risk for heart attack and stroke. If you do smoke, quitting will lower your risk for heart disease.
  • Manage your diabetes. Having diabetes doubles your risk of diabetic heart disease. That is because over time, high blood sugar from diabetes can damage your blood vessels and the nerves that control your heart and blood vessels. So, it is important to get tested for diabetes, and if you have it, to keep it under control.
  • Make sure that you get enough sleep. If you don’t get enough sleep, you raise your risk of high blood pressure, obesity, and diabetes.

There are a various foods we should consume regularly besides our meals to prevent the cardiovascular diseases:

চিয়া বীজ

চিয়া বীজ : চিয়া বীজ ফাইবার ও ওমেগা-৩ ফ্যাট এবং অন্যান্য পুষ্টি উপাদানের ভাল উৎস। কেননা এই চিয়া বীজ উচ্চমাত্রায় ফাইবার, এন্টিঅক্সিডেন্ট ও অন্যান্য পরিশোষক পুষ্টি উপাদানে ভরপুর যা আমাদের দৈনন্দিন খাদ্যকে অত্যন্ত পুষ্টিময় করে তোলে। আমলা তে খুব কম পরিমাণ ক্যালরি এবং অনেক বেশি মাত্রায় ফাইবার আছে যা আমাদের স্থূলতা-মেদবৃদ্ধি,হৃদরোগ,ডায়াবেটিস ও কয়েক ধরণের ক্যান্সার […]

সূর্যমুখী বীজ

সূর্যমুখী বীজ সূর্যমুখী বীজ খেতে খুব সুস্বাদু ও নরম প্রকৃতির। এই সূর্যমুখী বীজ ভিটামিন বি ফলেটের দারুণ একটি উৎস যা গর্ভবতী মহিলা ও বিশেষ করে হার্টের রোগীর জন্য অত্যন্ত গুরুত্বপূর্ণ। এই বীজে আছে ভিটামিন ই সমৃদ্ধ একটি শক্তিশালী এন্টিঅক্সিডেন্ট। তাছাড়া  এতে রয়েছে ক্যান্সার ও ইনফ্লেমেটোরি প্রতিরোধী উপাদান। ১ আউন্স (২৮ গ্রাম) সূর্যমুখী বীজে বিদ্যমান উপাদানসমূহঃ […]

ডুমুর / তীন ফল

ডুমুর বা ত্বীন ফল কয়েক শতাব্দী ধরে খুবই জনপ্রিয় হয়ে উঠেছে কারণ এটি অনেক সুস্বাদু এবং পুষ্টিকর। শুধু তাই নয়, সাম্প্রতিক গবেষণায় দেখা যায় যে, এটি ডায়াবেটিক থেকে একজিমা এমনকি চিকিৎসা সংক্রন্ত বিভিন্ন উদ্বেগ জনিত রোগের চিকিৎসায় সহায়ক ভূমিকা পালন করে। ত্বীন ফল মানুষের দ্বারা খাওয়া সবচেয়ে পুরাতন ফলগুলোর মধ্যে একটি। এ ফলে বিভিন্ন রকম [...]

আমলকি (আমলা)

আমলকি (আমলা) : আমলকি ইন্ডিয়া গুজবেরি এশিয়া উপমহাদেশে সাধারণত আমলা নামে পরিচিত। এটি নিঃসন্দেহে ভিটামিনের একটি  শক্তিঘর বলা যায়। আক্ষরিক অর্থে আমলকি টক জাতীয় ফল কিন্তু প্রকৃত পক্ষে এটিতে টক, তিক্ততা এবং মিষ্টির একটি দারুণ সমন্বয় রয়েছে ।আমলকির ব্যবহার একটি দীর্ঘমেয়াদী আয়ুর্বেদী প্রতিকার হিসেবে পরিচিত রয়েছে।  এছাড়াও আমলকিতে এমনকিছু উপাদান আছে যা স্বাস্থ্য বৃদ্ধিসহ ভিটামিন […]

পেয়াজ/রসুনের পাতা,কলি

Chives are part of the allium family of vegetables and herbs. This family also includes garlic, scallions, onions, etc. In the Asian subcontinent, we commonly eat the onion or garlic chives. Commonly, Chives come in two types – onion chives (the most common chives) and Chinese chives (called garlic chives). While onion chives have hollow […]


Black plums are actually olive-sized fruit dark purple in color and has a juicy, sour taste. Black Plumps are extremely versatile too – you can turn them into jams, milkshakes, juices, or simply add them to vegetable or fruit salads or can be eaten with chilly powder and salt mix. Black Plum is a Powerful […]

লাল শালগম

Beetroots are a popular root vegetable used in many cuisines around the world. Beets are loaded with vitamins and minerals and low in calories and fat. They also contain inorganic nitrates and pigments, both of which have a number of health benefits. Apart from being used as food, beetroot is also used as a medicinal […]


Olive is a fruit that has a sour, tangy, salty taste and it is very tasty to eat with chilly and salt. People use olives to make oil, pickles and can use in various dishes like salad, sandwiches, vegetables, dal, etc. also. People have cultivated olive trees for more than 7,000 years, and they have […]


Mushrooms are a superfood, and one of the most health-promoting foods on the planet. Mushrooms are an edible fungus that can provide several important nutrients. The many kinds of mushrooms have varying compositions and nutritional profiles. Mushrooms are packed with nutritional value. They are low in calories, are great sources of fiber and protein. They […]

তিসি বীজ

Flaxseeds (তিসি বীজ) are  super healthy and a great source of fiber and omega-3 fats, particularly Alpha- Lipoic Acid (ALA). However, the omega-3 fats are contained within the fibrous outer shell of the seed, which humans can’t digest easily. If you want to increase your omega-3 levels, it’s best to eat flaxseeds that have been […]


Pomelo called “pummelo” is the largest member of the citrus family. This large, pale, green or yellow fruit has a pink, white or red inside that tastes like a slightly sweeter alternative to grapefruit. Pomelo is a citrus fruit that has a number of health benefits for people. For those people willing to do a […]


Pumpkin is a type of squash that belongs to the Cucurbitaceae family. It is mainly a winter vegetable but can be grown throughout the year. It is rich in fiber, tastes slightly sweet and has a juicy texture with a great taste. Pumpkin is bright orange inside and its seeds are equally healthy like the […]


পেঁপে এমন একটি ফল যা সবুজ থাকলে সবজী হিসেবে খেতে পারি এবং এটি যখন  নরম ও ভিতরে কমলা রং ধারণ করে তখন খেতে দারুণ সুস্বাদু ও রসালো  লাগে। এটি অত্যন্ত মিষ্টি স্বাদের নরম যা মাখনের সাথে তুলনা করা হয়। পেঁপে কে "ফেরেস্তাদের ফল" বললেও অবাক হবার কিছু নাই। এটি অসংখ্য স্বাস্থ্য গুণ সম্পন্ন একটি ফল। [...]

কাঠ বাদাম

Almonds are among the world’s most popular tree nuts. They are highly nutritious and rich in healthy fats, antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals. Almonds can be consumed on their own, raw, or toasted; they are available sliced, flaked, slivered, as flour, oil, butter, or almond milk. 1-ounce (28-gram) serving of almonds contains: Fiber:5 grams Protein: 6 […]

তোকমা দানা

Basil seeds are extracted from the seeds of Ocium sanctum (Basil) plant which is black in color. The health benefits of basil seeds are numerous. They look similar to sesame seeds but are black. The type that you eat typically comes from sweet basil plants; which is the plant commonly used to season foods. It […]

তিল বীজ

Sesame seeds (তিল বীজ) are a great source of iron & mineral that many people, especially menstruating females could use more of. Sesame seeds are commonly consumed in Asian countries and also in western countries as part of a paste called tahini. Similar to other seeds, they contain a wide amount of nutrient. “1 ounce […]


Ginger is among the healthiest and one of the most delicious spices on the planet. It is actually a special type of root that grows under the soil. We use ginger in many dishes every day. It is over loaded with nutrients and bio active compounds that have powerful benefits for your body and brain. […]

পেস্তা বাদাম

Pistachios are the type of nut that comes from a deciduous tree believed to have originated from Central Asia. Although most consider them a nut, pistachios are seeds from the pistachio tree. Pistachio nuts are not only tasty and fun to eat but also super healthy. It contains healthy fats and are a good source […]


Malabar spinach is a popular tropical leafy-green vegetable. Malabar Spinach have some antioxidant properties and contains many vitamins & minerals. It contains vitamin C, vitamin A, calcium and, iron. The plant is low in calories and also has a high amount of protein in relation to its weight. Malabar Spinach is also a great source […]

তিতা করলা

Bitter gourd is a vegetable that is relished for its benefits and hated for its bitter taste. It is an excellent source of vitamins B1, B2, and B3, C, magnesium, folate, zinc, phosphorus, manganese, and has high dietary fiber. It is rich in iron and contains twice the beta-carotene of broccoli, twice the calcium of […]

গ্রীন টী

Green tea is a popular beverage consumed worldwide. In recent years, it has also gained popularity as a health drink. Green tea is made from non-oxidized leaves and is one of the less processed types of tea. It therefore contains the most antioxidants and beneficial polyphenols. Green tea contains a number of bio active compounds […]

পালং শাক

Spinach is a superfood. It is loaded with tons of nutrients in a low-calorie package. Spinach is a leafy green vegetable that originated in Persia. The dark green color of spinach leaves specifies they contain high levels of chlorophyll and health-promoting carotenoids (beta carotene, lutein, and zeaxanthin). These phytochemicals have anti-inflammatory and anti-cancerous properties and […]

মিষ্টি আলু

Sweet potatoes are sweet, starchy root vegetables that are grown worldwide. They have a thin, brown skin on the outside with colored flesh inside. Potatoes and Sweet Potatoes are not same in nutrients value. They may both be called ‘potatoes’, but sweet and white potatoes are not actually related. Botanically, the sweet potato belongs to […]


When it comes to great-tasting nutrition, broccoli is an all-star food with many health benefits. While low in calories, broccoli is rich in essential vitamins and minerals, in addition to fiber. Broccoli belongs to the cruciferous vegetable family, which includes kale, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, bok-choy, cabbage, collard greens, rutabaga, and turnips. If you are trying […]


Walnuts have been a beloved food for thousands of years. They grow in a bronzed shell about the size of a golf ball with a seam around the center. Torn apart the shell at the seam, and inside you will find the bumpy, golden brown nut. Walnut skin sometimes has a slightly bitter flavor, but […]


Triphala has been used in traditional Ayurveda medicine since ancient times as a multi-purpose treatment for symptoms ranging from stomach sicknesses to dental cavities. ‘’Triphala” literally meaning “three fruits”.  The Three fruits are Amalaki (Indian gooseberry), Bibhitaki, and Haritaki. Health benefits: Triphala contains a number of antioxidants that perform protective functions in the body. Few […]


Basil or Holy Basil leaf is an herb belonging to the mint family. Basil leaf offered benefits include reducing inflammation, and it is said to have anti-aging and antibacterial properties. There are a few types of basil plants. The most popular are sweet basil, lemon basil, holy basil, and Thai basil. Though there are some […]


Banana is a fruit that has numerous health benefits with a delicious taste. Bananas are among the world’s most popular fruits. Bananas contain several essential nutrients, provide benefits for digestion, heart health, and weight loss. Aside from being very nutritious, they are also highly convenient snack food. One medium-sized banana (118 grams) contains: Potassium: 9% […]


The carrot is a vegetable with a bright orange color and it is grown under the ground. Carrots are basically root vegetables which consist of numerous health benefits. It is sweet ,crunchy, tasty, and highly nutritious. Carrots are often thought of as the ultimate health food. Carrots contain beta carotene, fiber, vitamin K1, potassium, and […]


Chirata is an herb. It is known as ‘’Bitter Stick’’ too. People use the parts that grow above the ground to make medicine. Chirata is extremely bitter and because of that has many healing benefits. All parts of the plants can be used for making either a dried herb or powder. The herb, which is […]

সজনে পাতা

Moringa oleifera is a plant that has been praised for its health benefits for thousands of years. It is very rich in healthy antioxidants and bio active plant compounds. It is called the miracle tree for its numerous health benefits. 1 Cup of fresh chopped leaves (21 grams) contains: Protein: 2 grams Vitamin B6: 19% of the […]


Cabbage, which is often taken into the same category as lettuce because of their similar appearance, is actually a part of the cruciferous vegetable family. Cabbage is a leafy green, red, or white vegetable that is grown annually. The cabbage may help protect against radiation, prevent cancer, and reduce heart disease risk. There are more […]

ক্যাপসিকাম মরিচ

ক্যাপসিকাম বা সিমলা মরিচ nightshade family এর অন্তর্ভূক্ত এক প্রকার সবজী জাতীয় ফল। এই সবজী টি অত্যন্ত কম ক্যালরি থাকার পাশাপাশি অত্যাধিক ভিটামিন সি ও অন্যান্য এন্টি-অক্সিডেন্ট সমৃদ্ধ হওয়ায় স্বাস্থ্যকর খাদ্য তালিকায় এটি আলাদা মাত্রা যোগ করেছে। ক্যাপসিকাম বিভিন্ন রঙের হয়ে থাকে যেমনঃ লাল,হলুদ,কমলা এবং সবুজ রং। ক্যাপসিকাম রান্নার পাশাপাশি সালাদ হিসিবেও খাওয়া যায়। ৩.৫ […]